Trim a pound per minute! When you load your machine with flower, you can inject liquid Co2 into the chamber and achieve very cold temperatures. This allows the exterior leaves to become just brittle enough to fracture off of the flower and fall through the mesh screen without damaging, bruising or compromising the integrity of the flower. When trimming with CO2 we recommend “ice-cream” temperature. That’s between 10°F and 30°F. Temperatures for a tumble trim don't fall to the sub-critical levels that help dislodge trichomes from flowers. After liquid CO2 exposure, the freeze effect on flowers and biomass normalizes in a matter of minutes with no loss of vitality or damage to terpene profiles. When prepared properly, we often experience results that exceed our expectations. The better bucked and big leaved your material, the less time necessary to achieve desired results, only adding to increased processing times and production volume.
When DRY trimming with CO2, there is no need to change your standard drying and curing operating procedures. The natural dry process allows the water molecules within the flower to cure organically, so your flowers will be as you are accustomed to.
*Freeze Drying or Wet Curing is required when doing a WET trim with CO2. It's only when doing a wet trim with CO2 that we have displaced the oxygen in our chamber. This means that the biomass must be preserved before it has a chance to oxidize.
As a trimmer, the OG model has a 1.5 lb capacity while the XL model has a 7 lb capacity. If you load 5-7 pounds, then you spin for 5-7 minutes. This is a guideline, as not all flowers are created equal. Often only 30 seconds of tumble time per pound is all that is needed, this of course is directly related to how well the product has been prepped as well as its state of dryness or how brittle the material you are working with is. We say that your flowers come out the Resinator the same way they went in, only trimmed. When tuning into what works best for your product, we suggest a smaller test run before large batching so you can get familiar with the process and material you are handling. Refer to our Extraction and Trimmer Guide for suggested run times, speeds, and load sizes. The whole bodied, high quality trim that remains after CO2 separation is preferred over scissored or bladed trim due to the lack of chlorophyl, cellulosic material and plant particulates found through trimmed clippings as a result of utilizing a bladed surface, making for better extracts and pre-rolls. Experience the Resinator difference…!
We inject liquid CO2 into our cryogenic chamber while gently tumbling material to allow exterior leaves to fall through our 1'4" mesh screen. We rotate our drum for a minute per pound. These micro CO2 injections brittle exterior leaves, quickly fracturing from flowers ready to collect for additional processing with a quick swap to one of our micron rated screens. This process is done with ease and efficiency, preserving structural integrity and botanical essence all while keeping trichomes intact and maintaining terpene profiles. We experience less than 1% total THC & CBD loss when trimming with CO2. We have Certificates of Analysis of before and after results when using The Original Resinator to trim with CO2. (We are always updating with additional data.)
We get 85% of the job done with ease and efficiency. All that is required is to buck down your material before tumbling and a light cleanup after. What typically takes as long as 8 hours of hand trimming to accomplish, can now be done with less than an hour scissor time per pound including bucking on front end & light touchup on back. We say that your material comes out of the Resinator in the same condition it went in, only trimmed!
When trying to determinre how much CO2 you will need to trim, it would seem like you might use less CO2 with our smaller OG model, but you have to quantify the capacity you are running with an XL to see that CO2 use is more efficient with the XL unit. This of course is relevant to the size of your operation. When running the OG model you only need to use half as much CO2 as the XL, however when running the XL you could run five times as much material at once. So for example, when trimming with CO2 utilizing the OG model you would get approximately twelve runs with the OG using a 50 pound tank where as you will get six runs using the XL. But you would only get to run approximately eighteen pounds of material in the OG where as you would get to run almost forty-two pounds with the XL in that equation. Refer to CO2 Frequently Asked Questions for more information about CO2.
The amount of CO2 available in a cylinder can vary due to different factors: The type of extraction or trimming you are doing. The length of the hose, the length of your blast and the tank's size. Ambient temperature conditions of your environment and you Resinator itself. The amount of material loaded also plays a role.
Example 1- With the standard high pressure hose included at 30 seconds per blast and a 50lb Co2 Siphon tank, you can anticipate an average of 6 minutes of effect and approximately (12) 30 second shots.
Example 2- With the standard high pressure hose included at 30 seconds per blast and a 25lb Co2 Siphon tank, you can anticipate an average 3 minutes of effect and approximately (6) 30 second shots.
These are guidelines on average experience. Keep in mind that roughly 10% of the gas remaining in a spent tank will not come out in liquid form. When you can no longer see the gas entering the chamber it is a good indication that there is no longer liquid co2 left to dispense.
*WHEN UTILIZING CO2 BE SURE TO OPERATE IN A WELL VENTILATED AREA.
CO2 Levels & Monitoring Explained
What is a CO2 Monitor and Why Does it Matter?
A CO2 Monitor is a device that helps you record and understand the environmental Carbon Dioxide (CO2) levels in an office, room, building, factory, hospital or any other area. A CO2 Monitor can take once-off readings (with a handheld or portable reader), or automatically take readings over a period of time for you to review later (with a data logger, or CO2 logger).
It is important to monitor CO2 levels because they directly influence the mood, productivity and health of those exposed to CO2. Incorrect CO2 levels can cause stiffness, odours, drowsiness, and reduced productivity. Higher levels, or prolonged exposure, can be very harmful to health.
What Causes Indoor CO2 Levels to Rise?
The main cause of Carbon Dioxide indoors is people. The more people in an area, the more CO2 is emitted. Respiration of humans introduces this CO2. The amount emitted from one working person can be from 0.08m2 to 0.38m2 per hour, depending on the intensity of their work
Gas operated devices such as heaters and kitchen appliances can also introduce CO2 into the area. It is also worth noting that CO2 is the main gas involved in the greenhouse effect, so higher levels of CO2 can be observed in areas with many windows (such as floor to ceiling windows in offices). The setup of the air conditioner and the proportion of indoor air to outdoor air being circulated will determine how this equates to the overall CO2 level in a room.
Understanding CO2 Levels
CO2 Levels are measured as PPM (Parts Per Million). The standard outdoor level is around 350ppm, and is the optimum level for freshness. However, you can generally get up to 600ppm indoor without any adverse affects. As you can see in this chart, once you get past 600ppm you will start noticing adverse affects.CO2 levels have a noticeable impact on one's productivity and wellbeing. The higher the levels, the lower the productivity. The lower the levels, the better one can work. This is why it's important to measure and constantly conduct CO2 Monitoring within your workplace.
Standards & Regulations
Almost every jurisdiction has standards and regulations which set out the maximum acceptable exposure to CO2 in workplaces and schools. Safe Work Australia's "Adopted National Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Environment" outlines a Time Weighted Average of 5000ppm. This means average airborne concentration of Carbon Dioxide mustn't exceed 5000ppm.
There are other similar international standards which specify their own acceptable CO2 exposure limits:
The USA's Occupational Health & Safety Administration (OHSA) sets the limit at 5000ppm over an eight hour working day.
Schools in the United Kingdom mustn't be exposed to over an average level of CO2 over 1500ppm in a standard school day.
The Environmental Protection Administration in Taiwan sets a daily limit of 1000ppm in indoor areas, with a suggested level of 600ppm in areas such as schools, hospitals, and day care centres.
Please check with your local authorities for the latest standards which apply to you.
How to Reduce CO2 Levels Indoors
Here are some practical steps to lowering your CO2 and ensuring it stays low:
Increase ventilation from outdoors: This is the big one, and is key to reducing CO2 levels indoors is proper ventilation. Outdoor CO2 levels should be below 400ppm, so ensuring more fresh outside air is brought indoors is the key to lowering your Carbon Dioxide.
Check and maintain your HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) System: Some offices are sealed very well, which is good for energy efficiency in your HVAC system as it doesn't need to cool hot air often. However, it means you have very little fresh air coming in and the CO2 levels will just keep building. Other systems will actually actively bring in air from an outside vent and mix it with the inside air – this is preferred as it is constantly lowering your indoor CO2 levels.
Check gas devices for leakage and cross ventilation: Leaking gas devices can cause the CO2 level to rise. Preferably get the device repaired or replaced so it doesn't continue to leak. Failing this, open a window on the opposite side of the room to allow for cross ventilation.
To determine the CO2 levels in the room, you first need to purchase a CO2 Measurement Reader. These come in two forms: a CO2 Meter and a CO2 Data Logger.
A CO2 Meter, available in handheld and desktop form factors, will take on-the-spot readings for you and provide the information in real-time. These are perfect for checking lots of different areas at one point in time.
A CO2 Data Logger will provide you with ongoing readings at a set interval (e.g. every five minutes) which can later be viewed on your computer as a table for graph for analysis. These are perfect for more detailed analysis of one area over a longer period of time.
250-350ppm: Normal background concentration in outdoor ambient air
350-1,000ppm: Concentrations typical of occupied indoor spaces with good air exchange
1,000-2,000ppm: Complaints of drowsiness and poor air.
2,000-5,000 ppm: Headaches, sleepiness and stagnant, stale, stuffy air. Poor concentration, loss of attention, increased heart rate and slight nausea may also be present.
5,000: Workplace exposure limit (as 8-hour TWA) in most jurisdictions.
>40,000 ppm: Exposure may lead to serious oxygen deprivation resulting in permanent brain damage, coma, even death.
“It is denser than air and high concentrations can persist in open pits and other areas below grade. The current OSHA standard is 5000 ppm as an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) concentration. Gaseous carbon dioxide is an asphyxiant. Concentrations of 10% (100,000 ppm) or more can produce unconsciousness or death.”